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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 24  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 155-161

Tuberculosis control in security challenged states of North-East Nigeria. Are there significant impact?

Department of Community Health and Primary Health Care, Lagos State University Teaching Hospital, Ikeja Lagos, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
M Gidado
Department of Community Health and Primary Health Care, Lagos State University Teaching Hospital, Ikeja Lagos
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1115-2613.278303

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BACKGROUND Nigeria in the past few years is faced with various security challenges in different parts of the country. The most severe in the last three years has been the crisis in northern Nigeria and specifically the north-eastern States, where three of the States have been under emergency rule for a year. Health care delivery system is usually one of the major casualties in a security challenged environment leading to unavailability or low utilization of services. The aim of this paper is to share the experience of TB services in states under emergency rule. METHODOLOGY A retrospective review of program data (reportable indicators for TB case finding,TB/HIV and treatment outcome for periods of eight years (2006-2013) comparing national data with north-east and the three states most affected by security challenges (Borno,Adamawa &Yobe). RESULTS A national positive trend on case notification for all forms of TB and smear positive, with a declined in 2011 but generally the case notification has remain low (59/100,000 in 2013 compared to estimated prevalence of 338/100,000). North east data is a negative trend for case notification and this is worse for 2 states (Borno and Yobe) while Adamawa shows and increase CNR from 2012 because of TB Reach active case finding. Treatment success rate has a positive trend both national,north east states and in the 3 challenged states (TSR above 84%).TB/HIV indicators for north east are 81%, 75%, and 58% for HCT, CPT and ART respectively, these figures has serious fluctuations within and among the three security challenged states with Borno most affected. CONCLUSIONS Insecurity can pose a challenge for TB control activities especially case finding, therefore the need for innovative approaches for case finding in areas of insecurity. Chronic infectious diseases like TB and HIV should be incorporated into emergency responses offered by organisations and agencies for internally displaced persons.

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