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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 24  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 162-168

Evaluation of male sex hormones and trace elements in male type 2 diabetic patients attending nnamdi azikiwe university teaching hospital diabetic clinics


1 Department of Community Medicine, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, Nnewi Campus, Nigeria
2 Department of Chemical Pathology, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nnewi Campus, Nigeria
3 Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nnewi Campus, Nigeria
4 Department of Internal Medicine, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nnewi Campus, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
C F Ubajaka
Department of Community Medicine, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, Nnewi Campus
Nigeria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1115-2613.278304

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BACKGROUND There is accumulating evidence that the metabolism of male sex hormones and several trace elements are altered in type 2diabetic mellitus and may have specific role in the pathogenesis and progression of the disease. AIM To assess the levels of male sex hormones and trace elements in type 2 diabetic patients and to ascertain an association between male sex hormones and trace elements among diabetic subjects. METHODS A descriptive cross sectional study was conducted among 125 diabetic and 50 non diabetic subjects.Venous blood samples were collected from all respondents and estimated for fasting blood glucose,male sex hormones and trace elements. The results were subjected to statistical analysis and comparison using Students' test and Pearson correlation analysis. RESULTS The mean testosterone level was significantly lower in diabetics than in controls (3.9± 1.9ng/ml) in comparison with (5.1± 1.7ng/ml;P<0.05).The mean value of Zinc,Manganese,Selenium and Chromium were significantly lower among the diabetics when compared with the controls (Zn;898.7± 131.0μg/l;Mn:0.30± 0.06μg/l;Se:51.3± 11.1μg/l; Cr: 0.04± 0.03μg/l) in comparison with (Zn: 1007.3± 85.2μg/l; Mn: 0.05± 0.07μg/l; Se: 62.1± 11.1μg/l; Cr: 0.06± 0.01μg/l;P<0.05).The mean Fasting Blood Glucose in diabetic subjects was significantly higher when compared with the controls (7.9± 3.7mmol/l) in comparison with (4.6± 0.4mmol/l; P<0.05).The trace elements showed a positive correlation with testosterone in diabetic subjects (Zn r= 0.359,Se r= 0.443,Mn r= 0.350,P<0.05). CONCLUSION This study observed decreased levels of testosterone and trace elements in type 2 diabetics and a positive correlation between low testosterone and low trace elements levels in diabetic subjects.These trace elements are antioxidants and their low levels in diabetic patients may further increase the severity of the disease


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