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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 24  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 169-174

Retrospections on road traffic injuries as a social burden: The role of public health education initiatives in a developing country


1 Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Faculty of Clinical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, University of Uyo, Nigeria
2 Nursing Services Division, National Orthopaedic Hospital, Igbobi, Lagos, Nigeria
3 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Uyo Teaching Hospital, Uyo, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dim Edwin Maduakonam
Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology Faculty of Clinical Sciences University of Uyo
Nigeria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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BACKGROUND Road traffic injuries are a major cause of trauma related morbidity and mortality in our modern society.They have since been recognized as disease entities on their own, as well as a societal problem of serious public health concern. AIM The aim of this review article is to promote the understanding of road traffic injuries as both a social burden and a disease entity and to highlight suggested measures capable of curtailing the menace that these injuries pose to human population. METHOD A review of the literature on the subject of road traffic injuries as both a social problem and disease entity was done. Historical perspectives, epidemiological information, causative factors and preventive measures were extracted and presented. RESULT Human factors contribute to 95% of road traffic accident. Current deaths from road traffic injuries account for 2.2% of th global mortality affecting all age groups. Health education and enforcement of legislation are key measures in combating road traffic injuries.


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