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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 24  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 207-212

Determinants of specialty choice of resident doctors; Case study- among resident doctors in Nigeria

1 Lagos State University College of Medicine(LASUCOM), Lagos, Nigeria
2 Department of Mathematics, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana, Nigeria
3 Department of Surgery, Lagos State University Teaching Hospital (LASUTH), Lagos, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Roland I Osuoji
Lagos State University College of Medicine(LASUCOM), Lagos
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1115-2613.278929

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OBJECTIVE: This study examined medical specialty selection by Nigerian resident doctors using a marketing research approach to determine the selection criteria and the role of perceptions,expected remuneration,and job placement prospects of various specialties in the selection process. METHODS: Data were from the Community of residents from April 2014 to July 2014.The cohort included 200 residents,but only 171 had complete information. Data were obtained from a cross section of resident doctors in the Lagos State University Teaching Hospital and at the 2014 Ordinary General Meeting of the National Association of Resident Doctors(NARD) where representatives from over 50 Teaching hospitals in Nigeria attended. Using a client behaviour model as a framework,a tripartite questionnaire was designed and administered to residents to deduce information on their knowledge about and interests in various specialties, their opinions of sixteen specialties,and the criteria they used in specialty selection. RESULTS: A total of 171 (85.5%) questionnaires were returned. In many instances,consistency between selection criteria and perceptions of a specialty were accompanied by interest in pursuing the specialty. Job security, job availability on completion of programme, duration of training and qualifying examinations were highly correlated with pvalue <0.05. Results of the Principal Component Analysis show two components(with Eigenvalues greater than one) explaining 65.3% of the total variance. The first component had placement and training and practice related variables loaded on it while the second component was loaded with job security and financial remuneration related variables. CONCLUSIONS: Using marketing research concepts for medical specialty selection (Weissmanet al 2012) stipulates that choice of speciality is influenced by criteria and perception. This study shows that job security, expected financial remuneration, and examination requirements for qualification are major determinants of the choice of speciality for residents.

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