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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 24  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 223-232

Depression, anxiety, stress, and their associated factors among corps members serving in Kebbi State

State Specialist Hospital Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Ahmed D Balami
Department of Family Medicine, State Specialist Hospital Maiduguri, P.M.B. 1014, Maiduguri, Borno State
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1115-2613.278931

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BACKGROUND Depression,anxiety and stress,are not only health problems by themselves,but also associated with other negative health consequences. The national youth service is usually characterized by a number of new challenges and experiences which may require life style adjustments by the corps member. However, no previous study on psychological factors has been conducted among corps members. OBJECTIVE This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of depression, anxiety and stress and their associated factors among corps members serving in Kebbi state. METHODS A cross-sectional study was conducted among 264 corps members from four local government areas of the state. Selection of the local government areas and the individual participants was by simple random sampling. Data was collected from May to June 2014 using a self-administered questionnaire. Data analysis used chi-square test to identify the relationship between categorical variables and multivariate logistic regression to identify the independent factors for depression,anxiety and stress each. RESULTS The response rate was 97%.Most of the respondents were males (63.6%),single (85.5%),and above 20 years of age (71.6%).The overall prevalences of depression, anxiety and stress among the respondents were 36.4%, 54.5% and 18.2% respectively. The independent factors for depression were; being from the North central (0R=5.99;95% CI: 2.194-16.354) or South-south;and the perception of earning enough income (0R=2.987;95% CI: 1.062-8.400).For anxiety, male gender (OR=0.411; 95% CI: 0.169-0.999); and being from the North central were significant risk factors (OR=3.731; 95% CI: 1.450-9.599). Being above 26 years of age was an independent risk factor for stress (OR=0.083;95% CI: 0.018-0.381).Also, those who had ever schooled outside their towns of residence were less likely to be stressed compared to those who had never (OR=0.30;95% CI: 0.110-0.855).All other factors did not show any significant association with any of the outcome variables in multivariate analysis. CONCLUSION In conclusion, the prevalences of depression, anxiety and stress are high among corps members serving in Kebbi state. There is need to expand the scope of this study to a national level so as to get a bigger picture of the problem.

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