• Users Online: 123
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 28  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 261-265

Prevalence of persistent proteinuria in overweight and obese primary school children in Calabar, Nigeria


Department of Paediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, College of Medical Sciences, University of Calabar, P.M.B 1115, Calabar, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
C I Uzomba
Department of Paediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, College of Medical Sciences, University of Calabar, PMB 1115, Calabar
Nigeria
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1115-2613.278595

Rights and Permissions

BACKGROUND: There is a dearth of information on the relationship between persistent proteinuria with overweight and obesity in Nigerian children. Therefore, this study is aimed at evaluating this relationship. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study of 275 overweight and obese primary school children aged 5 to 12 years derived from an initial screening of the Body Mass Index of 1,600 apparently healthy primary school pupils recruited by multi-stage sampling. Subjects early morning urine was collected and urinalysis done. Those with proteinuria ≥ 1+, had urinalysis repeated after two weeks and those with persistent proteinuria, were quantitated using the modified Biuret and urine creatinine with the modified Jaffe Kinetic methods. Urine protein:creatinine ratios > 0.20 were confirmed as persistent proteinuria. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 22.0 and P-value ≤ 0.05 was significant. RESULTS: Overweight were 192 (69.8%) and obese 83 (30.2%). Five Children (1.8%) had persistent proteinuria consisting of four (1.4%) of overweight and one (0.4%) of Obese though not statistically significant. CONCLUSION: Prevalence of persistent proteinuria among overweight and obese primary school children was 1.4% and 0.4% respectively. More studies are needed to evaluate the impact of overweight and obesity on the kidneys of Nigerian children.


[PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed45    
    Printed5    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded13    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal