• Users Online: 370
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 28  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 46-55

Assessment of patients knowledge and attitude towards diabetes and its relationship with glycemic control: A cross-sectional study in a Nigerian tertiary hospital


1 Department of Pharmacology & Therapeutics; Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus, Enugu, Nigeria
2 Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus, Enugu, Nigeria
3 Department of Health Administration and Management, Faculty of Health Sciences and Technology, University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus, Nigeria
4 Department of Nutrition & Dietetics, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria
5 Department of Chemical Pathology, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus, Enugu, Nigeria
6 Human Nutrition and Dietetics Unit, Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Calabar, Nigeria
7 Department of Pharmacology & Therapeutics, College of Medicine; Department of Health Administration and Management, Faculty of Health Sciences and Technology, University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus, Enugu, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
E E Young
Department of Medicine College of Medicine and University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu University of Nigeria, Enugu
Nigeria
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1115-2613.278615

Rights and Permissions

BACKGROUND: It is postulated that increased knowledge of patients about diabetes as well as a positive attitude will lead to improved glycaemic control and better outcome. The aim of this study was to determine the knowledge and attitude of diabetic patients in a tertiary hospital in Enugu and the relationship with their glycaemic control. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was done using a structured questionnaire to obtain socio-demographic data and assess knowledge and attitude to diabetes on consecutive patients attending the outpatient clinic in a tertiary hospital. Responses were scored with equal weighting. The fasting blood glucose of the patients was measured and recorded. RESULT: There were 51(60.7%) females and 33 (39.3%) males, with majority (63.1%) in the age range 41 -64 years and 32(38.1%) had only primary education. The mean knowledge score was 6.19 ± 2.08 and 33(39.3%) demonstrated good knowledge. Knowledge did not differ between males and females (p=0.34), but was highest in those with tertiary education (p = 0.02). Positive attitude to the condition was recorded in 63(75%) subjects. There was poor correlation between knowledge and attitude (r = -0.161, p= 0.14). Those with good knowledge scores were 2 times more likely to have good glycaemic control compared with those with poor knowledge; OR = 2.015, p = 0.02. There was no significant difference between the glycemic control of those with good attitude and those with poor attitude (p= 0.08). CONCLUSION: Although overall knowledge was poor, patients had a good attitude to their illness. Knowledge, but not attitude was significantly positively associated with glycemic control.


[PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed405    
    Printed20    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded53    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal